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流感季又至!注射流感疫苗真的是越早越好吗?


尽管大多数健康专家认为注射疫苗越早越好,但是根据美国疾病预防控制中心的统计,在美国季节性流感高发季节一般要到10月份。

除了气温下降和色彩缤纷的叶子,秋天的到来还标志着流感季节的开始。  

季节性流感不仅被认为是一个公害,而且病情严重还可能会导致生命危险。  

据CNN报道:去年的流感季节,全美有97万患者住院。美国疾病控制和预防中心(CDC)估计去年有4000万病例发作。   

一个减少患流感及并发症的简单的方法就是注射流感疫苗。而注射此类疫苗应该注意哪些事项呢?   

 

什么人应该注射流感疫苗?   

根据美国疾病控制与预防中心的建议:每一个秋季,“每位6个月以上的人都应该注射流感疫苗”。  

儿科感染性疾病医生,艾米·爱德华兹( Amy Edwards),告诉ABC新闻说: “年轻的孩子们”和“65岁以上的成年人”,特别要确保注射流感疫苗。   

她还指出:“有慢性疾病的人:如哮喘、糖尿病和心脏疾病的人,由于他们属于流感并发症高风险人群,也应该确保接种疫苗。”   

她说,“因为流感会导致肺炎和心脏疾病突发的危险而造成严重的后果,所以那些去年有过心脏问题的人应该确保接种流感疫苗”。   

爱德华兹还表示,“如果你不希望自己的感冒持续两个星期以上”,你也应该接种疫苗。   

 

什么时候注射流感疫苗最好?   

尽管大多数健康专家认为注射疫苗越早越好,但是根据美国疾病预防控制中心的统计,在美国季节性流感高发季节一般要到10月份。   

“CDC建议十月开始接种,因为我们并不能预测什么时候流感会开始传播”,爱德华兹说。   

她补充道:“但是我总是主张尽快注射。在我看来,人们不值得去冒被早期感染的风险。”   

 

你应该接种什么样的流感疫苗?   

在过去几年中,一些医生建议用鼻腔喷雾疫苗,而不是传统的注射性流感疫苗。   

然而目前美国疾病控制和预防中心不再推荐喷鼻剂的使用,根据最近的研究,注射的方式比喷鼻剂预防流感更加有效。   

爱德华兹说,她理解很多家长不喜欢让孩子们肌肉注射。 “也许再做更多一点研究,如果能把疫苗设置得更强一点,我们还可以使用这种办法”,她说。   

可使用的流感疫苗有很多种类,爱德华兹建议去咨询一下你的医生,找出一种最适合你的病史和生活方式的疫苗。   

“对于绝大多数人,一般的三合一(trivalent)疫苗应该是很好的,” 她说,指的是能够预防三种流感病毒的一种疫苗。

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