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全球义诊有美华医师的足迹!(下)

文┃徐思海医生

在上一篇里,我介绍了参加国际义医的动力,如何选择一个适合于自己的国际义医组织,以及自己的一些经历。在这一篇我将介绍一下参与义医活动的具体准备工作细则,必要携带的物品和医疗用品,和注意事项。

位于加勒比海的伊斯帕尼奥拉岛(Hispaniola岛)有两个国家,多米尼加共和国和海地。岛的东三分之二是多米尼加共和国,充满绿色棕榈树,漂亮的沙滩,绵绵不断的海岸线和蔚蓝的海,看上去简直是旅游者的天堂, 每年几百万游客来到这里享受阳光,沙滩和加勒比的热带风光。而位于东三分之一的海地,却是西半球国家中最穷的国家。特殊的历史原因造成的政治社会动乱所帶來的后遗症,导致经济落后,生活贫困。而疾病、营养不良、文盲、森林滥垦滥伐及自然灾害进一步造成恶性循环。全国有超过四分之三人口过著赤貧的生活。再加上2010年的太子港震灾,造成逾20萬人死亡,数百万人流离失所,許多基础建設毀于一旦,使原本困苦的生活雪上加霜。

美丽而又贫困

当飞机缓缓地降落到海地时,我们的视野中呈现出一幅清晰的受过地震重创,还未来得及修复,又几乎赤贫的、枯干的海地。走出简陋的机场,是一条潮湿、泥泞、坑坑洼洼的土路,路面上垃圾遍地、到处是简陋的土胚房子,闷热的空气中有一股难闻的、烧焦塑料的味道,街上到处是闲逛、无精打彩的人们。我们怀疑,是不是与我们共同居住在一个地球之上?如此的天壤之别。

 

1

下面是一些我们参与义医的准备工作,不管你去海地还是非洲国家,或者其他贫困地区都是适用的。

参与义医的准备工作,在你确定了一个适合你的义医机构以后,接下来,需要花一些时间与那个组织的负责人:

交流和咨询,全面了解他们的义医项目,义医想达到的目的,团队的构成,具体的操作过程,义医的时间,地点,和整个活动的持续时间,确定你的预期目标和团队对你的期望。

具体询问旅行成本花费, 包括旅行前的花费,和在国外时可能需要支付的额外费用。了解是否需要参与者的额外捐款,或者其它的赞助(Fundraising)。

临行前重要的准备工作包括:

办理护照和签证

免疫接种

预定机票旅馆

准备要带上的衣物,用品

常用药物

 

2

办理护照和签证

办理护照一般需要四到六个星期。很幸运,美国公民去世界上的很多国家都不需要签证。但下列国家要求办理签证:巴西, 中国,俄罗斯,印度,越南和在非洲大陆的多数国家。有的签证可能会需要几个月才能办成。当你收到你的护照和签证,做一份副本,留给家庭成员和你的团队负责人各一份,以便意外情况发生时备用,因为护照和其他重要文件遗失或者被偷走的事情是有可能发生的。

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